COMPLIANCE AND ENFORCEMENT & NON-COMPLIANCE MECHANISMS
Environmental Crime, Compliance and Enforcement, and the use of Non-Compliance Mechanisms all address regulatory efforts to prevent environmental damage, but do so among different stakeholders at the national, international, and global levels.
Compliance and enforcement tend to refer to the design of mechanisms within a treaty to ensure that a treaty regime meets its stated goals and objectives as effectively as possible. Non-compliance mechanisms address the failure of state parties to properly implement the mutually-agreed obligations of a treaty regime. The latter are intended to be non-judicial and prioritize returning the non-compliant party to compliance, rather than punishing it.
There is an obvious nexus between the negotiation of international environmental laws or regulatory standards, and the multilevel governance deemed necessary to generate compliance with the goals and objectives of the treaty regime. There are legitimate questions, however, whether treaty regimes designed around non-judicial non-compliance mechanisms provide sufficient incentives to comply with an international environmental rule of law.
In the following sections, we have provided (1) links to the websites of organizations working in related fields (in black text); and (2) a selection of documents (click on the images to download the pdf file) that summarize what's being done within these interconnected communities, which from our perspective, supports our core objectives.
Environmental Compliance and Enforcement
Although, NAFTA doesn't have a non-compliance mechanism per se, it does have a Conciliation Commission:
Although our ability to provide PDF copies of academic articles is often limited by copyrights, we will be incorporating bibliographies for each section. We encourage you to help us build our bibliographies and to send us links to specific organizations and/or PDFs that you feel should be represented in this section.